Audio by
Shimi Berger

Mishnah Tamid 3:6: The one who won [the right to remove] the ash from the inner altar and [the one who won that right] for the Menora would go ahead and had four vessels were in their hands: [they were] the basket [to hold the ash from the inner altar] and the jug [to hold the ash from the Menora] and two keys. The basket was similar [approximately] to a tarkav [measurement of volume]of [made of] gold that could hold two and a half kav
[measurement of volume]. The jug was similar to a large pitcher [made
of] of gold. And the two keys, one [was to unlock the door from the
inside] he put [his hand through a small opening] up to the armpit, and
one [was for a lock] that could be opened quickly.

מי שזכה בדישון מזבח הפנימי והמנורה. היו מקדימין וארבעה כלים בידם. הטני. והכוז. ושתי מפתחות. הטני דומה לתרקב גדול של זהב מחזיק קבין וחצי. והכוז דומה לקתון גדול של זהב. ושתי מפתחות אחד יורד לאמת השחי ואחד פותח כיון:

Mishnah Tamid 3:7: He came to the northern small opening. There were two
small openings in the Great Gate, one in the north [side of the gate] and one in
the south [side]. The one in the south, no one ever entered through it, and
about it Yechezkel explained and said, "And the LORD said unto me: ‘This gate
shall be shut, it shall not be opened, neither shall any man enter in by it, for
the LORD, the G-d of Israel, hath entered in by it; therefore it shall be shut."
(Ezekiel 44:2) He took the key and opened the small opening. He entered the cell
and from the cell to the sanctuary until he reached the Great Gate. [When] he
reached the Great Gate he removed the bolt and the locks and opened it. The one
who was slaughtering [the tamid offering] would not slaughter until he heard the
sound of the Great Gate was opened.

בא לו לפשפש הצפוני. ושני פשפשין היו לו לשער הגדול אחד בצפון ואחד בדרום. שבדרום לא נכנס בו אדם מעולם. ועליו הוא מפורש על ידי יחזקאל (יחזקאל מד, ב) ויאמר אלי ה’ השער הזה סגור יהיה לא יפתח ואיש לא יבא בו כי ה’ אלהי ישראל בא בו והיה סגור. נטל את המפתח ופתח את הפשפש נכנס לתא ומן התא אל ההיכל עד שהוא מגיע לשער הגדול. הגיע לשער הגדול העביר את הנגר ואת הפותחות ופתחו. לא היה שוחט השוחט עד ששומע קול שער הגדול שנפתח:

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