Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Taharos 9:2: If one finished harvesting [his olives] but intends to buy, or finished buying but intends to borrow [more olives], if it happened that he became a mourner, or had a feast [to attend], or something unavoidable befell him [preventing him from getting more olives or pressing them], even if zavim and zavot [certain individuals with discharges that render them a Source of impurity] walk upon them [i.e. upon the olives he already had] they remain pure [as they have not become primed for impurity]. If impure liquids fell on them, only the area they touched is impure, and the sap that emerges from them is pure.

גָּמַר מִלִּמְסֹק אֲבָל עָתִיד לִקַּח, גָּמַר מִלִּקַּח אֲבָל עָתִיד לִלְווֹת, אֵרְעוֹ אֵבֶל, אוֹ מִשְׁתֶּה, אוֹ אֹנֶס, אֲפִלּוּ זָבִים וְזָבוֹת מְהַלְּכִים עֲלֵיהֶן, טְהוֹרִין. נָפְלוּ עֲלֵיהֶן מַשְׁקִין טְמֵאִין, אֵין טָמֵא אֶלָּא מְקוֹם מַגָּעָן, וְהַמֹּחַל הַיּוֹצֵא מֵהֶן טָהוֹר:

Mishnah Taharos 9:3: Once their work is finished they are thereby primed [for impurity]. If [impure] liquids fell on them, they are impure, and the sap that emerges from them, Rabbi Eliezer declares pure, and the Sages declare impure. Rabbi Shimon says: They do not differ regarding the sap that emerges from the olives, that it is pure. And regarding what do they differ? Regarding that [sap] which comes out of the vat [after the oil has been removed], which Rabbi Eliezer declares pure, and the Sages declare impure.

נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מֻכְשָׁרִין. נָפְלוּ עֲלֵיהֶן מַשְׁקִין, טְמֵאִין. הַמֹּחַל הַיּוֹצֵא מֵהֶן, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַמְּאִין. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן, לֹא נֶחְלְקוּ עַל הַמֹּחַל הַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַזֵּיתִים, שֶׁהוּא טָהוֹר. וְעַל מַה נֶּחְלְקוּ. עַל הַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַבּוֹר, שֶׁרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַמְּאִין:

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