Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Taharos 10:7: If one empties a pit [of wine into barrels], and a vermin was found in the first [barrel he filled], they are all impure. If [it was found] in the last one [he filled], it is impure and all the rest are pure. When is this the case? When he empties into each one individually. But if he was emptying with a ladle, if a vermin was found in one of them, that one alone is impure. When is this the case? When he inspects [each barrel, before emptying wine into it] but does not cover [each one after emptying in the wine], or he covers [each barrel] but does not inspect. If he was inspecting [each one] and then covering, and a vermin was found in one of the barrels, everything is impure; if [it was found] in the pit, everything is impure; if [it was found] in the ladle, everything is impure.

הַזּוֹלֵף אֶת הַבּוֹר, נִמְצָא שֶׁרֶץ בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה, כֻּלָּן טְמֵאוֹת. בָּאַחֲרוֹנָה, הִיא טְמֵאָה וְכֻלָּן טְהוֹרוֹת. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא זוֹלֵף בְּכָל אַחַת וְאַחַת. אֲבָל אִם הָיָה זוֹלֵף בְּמַחַץ, נִמְצָא שֶׁרֶץ בְּאַחַת מֵהֶן, הִיא טְמֵאָה בִּלְבָד. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא בוֹדֵק וְלֹא מְכַסֶּה אוֹ מְכַסֶּה וְלֹא בוֹדֵק. הָיָה בוֹדֵק וּמְכַסֶּה, וְנִמְצָא שֶׁרֶץ, בֶּחָבִית, הַכֹּל טָמֵא. בַּבּוֹר, הַכֹּל טָמֵא. בַּמַּחַץ, הַכֹּל טָמֵא:

Mishnah Taharos 10:8: Between the rollers [heavy stones used to press the last of the juice from the grapes after they have been trampled] and the [already trampled] grape skins is a public domain [for matters of impurity]. The [part of the] vineyard before the grape harvesters [i.e. not yet harvested] is a private domain; behind the harvesters is a public domain. When is this the case? When the public enters through one [end of the vineyard] and exits through another. The vessels of an olive-press, and of a [wine] vat, and a basket press, when they are made of wood, [if they become impure] one may dry them and they are pure; when they are made of reeds, [if they become impure] one must let them age for twelve months [without using them], or rinse them in hot water. Rabbi Yose says: if he put them in a fast moving river, it is sufficient [for ridding them of their impurity].

בֵּין הָעִגּוּלִים לַזַּגִּין, רְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. כֶּרֶם שֶׁלִּפְנֵי הַבּוֹצְרִים, רְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד. שֶׁלְּאַחַר הַבּוֹצְרִים, רְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהָרַבִּים נִכְנָסִים בָּזוֹ וְיוֹצְאִים בָּזוֹ. כְּלֵי בֵית הַבַּד, וְשֶׁל גַּת, וְהָעֵקֶל, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהֵן שֶׁל עֵץ, מְנַגְּבָן וְהֵן טְהוֹרִין. בִּזְמַן שֶׁהֵן שֶׁל גֶּמִי, מְיַשְּׁנָן כָּל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ, אוֹ חוֹלְטָן בְּחַמִּים. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אִם נְתָנָן בְּשִׁבֹּלֶת הַנָּהָר, דַּיּוֹ:

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