Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Taharos 10:5: One [with impure hands] who eats [grapes] out of baskets or from an area on the ground designated for spreading them out, even if they are split open and dripping into the wine press, the wine press remains pure. If [he was eating grapes] from the large basket or from a leaf-covered area designated for spreading them out, and a single grape fell from them [into the wine press], if it has a seal [i.e. if its stem is still attached] it [the wine press and its contents] is pure, but if it does not have a seal [i.e. if it is missing its stem, and its juice can flow out], it is impure. If grapes fell from him [who was eating them, with impure hands,] and one stepped on them in a cleared out area [of the wine press, containing no grapes or wine], if it was exactly equivalent to an egg [in volume], it [the wine press, and its contents,] is pure; if it was more than the equivalent of an egg [in volume], it is impure, since when the first drop left it was rendered impure by an amount [of liquids] equivalent to an egg [in volume, and it can therefore go on to render the vat and its contents impure].

הָאוֹכֵל מִן הַסַּלִּים וּמִן הַמַּשְׁטֵחַ שֶׁל אֲדָמָה, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמְּבֻקָּעוֹת וּמְנַטְּפוֹת לַגַּת, הֲרֵי הַגַּת טְהוֹרָה. מִן הָעֲבַט וּמִן הַמַּשְׁטֵחַ שֶׁל עָלִים וְנָפַל מִמֶּנּוּ גַרְגֵּר יְחִידִי, אִם יֶשׁ לוֹ חוֹתָם, טָהוֹר. אִם אֵין לוֹ חוֹתָם, טָמֵא. נָפְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עֲנָבִים וּדְרָכָן בְּמָקוֹם הַמֻּפְנֶה, כַּבֵּיצָה מְכֻוָּן, טָהוֹר. יוֹתֵר מִכַּבֵּיצָה, טָמֵא, שֶׁכֵּיוָן שֶׁיָּצָאת טִפָּה הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, נִטְמֵאת בְּכַבֵּיצָה:

Mishnah Taharos 10:6: If one was standing and speaking at the edge of a [wine] pit, and a stream of saliva flew from his mouth, and there is an uncertainty as to whether it reached the pit or not, its uncertainty is pure [i.e. its status is uncertain and therefore pure].

מִי שֶׁהָיָה עוֹמֵד וּמְדַבֵּר עַל שְׂפַת הַבּוֹר וְנִתְּזָה צִנּוֹרָא מִפִּיו, סָפֵק הִגִּיעָה לַבּוֹר סָפֵק לֹא הִגִּיעָה, סְפֵקוֹ טָהוֹר:

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