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 פרק ב - משנה ח
נשים ועבדים וקטנים Women slaves and children
פטורים מן הסכה are exempt from the obligation to use a succah;
קטן שאינו צריך לאימו a child that does not need his mother
חיב בסכה is obligated to use a succah.
מעשה There was a story
וילדה כלתו של שמאי הזקן where the daughter-in-law of Shammai the elder gave birth
ופחת את המעזיבה and he took the plaster off [of the roof]
וסכך על גבי המטה and placed s'chach over the bed
 בשביל הקטן for the sake of the child.
פרק ב - משנה ט
כל שבעת הימים All seven days
 אדם עושה סכתו קבע a person makes his succah [his ] set [abode]
וביתו עראי

and his house [a] temporary [shelter].

ירדו גשמים If rain falls
מאימתי מותר לפנות when is it permissible to leave [the succah]?
משתסרח המקפה When the stew is ruined.
משלו משל This is illustrated with a parable:
למה הדבר דומה to what is this compared?
לעבד שבא למזוג כוס לרבו To a servant who mixes a drink for his master
ושפך לו קיתון על פניו and he [the master] pours the pitcher in his face.


משנה ח

נשים ועבדים - Even though one would ordinarily think that women and slaves are exempt from such a מצות עשה שהזמן גרמה, because we learned a גזרה שוה from Pesach of חמשה עשר חמשה עשר, one might think that just as they are מחויב in the מצוות of Pesach, so too here.

קטן שאינו צריך לאימו - This is measured by the child's ability, after waking up and calling for his mother, to go back to sleep without calling for her again.

חיב בסכה - As a matter of חינוך.

בשביל הקטן - This does not refer to the newborn, as although Shammai argued with the תנא קמא with regard to when חינוך began, of course he did not believe that it applied to a newborn.  Rather, this was for his daughter-in-laws bed, and was intended to allow her other child, who was not yet at the stage of שאינו צריך לאימו, to observe the mitzvah of succah.

משנה ט

עושה סכתו קבע - One does this by bringing out his nicer furnishings to the succah.


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