Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

It happened once that more than forty pairs of witnesses were on their way [to Jerusalem] and R. Akiba detained them in Lydda. R. Gamaliel thereupon sent to him saying: if you prevent the multitude [from coming to give evidence] you will prove to be the cause of their stumbling in the time to come.    ראש השנה 1.6
מעשה שעברו יתר מארבעים זוג, ועיכבם רבי עקיבה בלוד; שלח לו רבן גמליאל, אם מעכב אתה את הרבים, נמצאת מכשילם לעתיד לבוא
If a father and a son have seen the New Moon, they should both go [to Jerusalem], not that they can act as joint witnesses but so that if one of them is disqualified the other may join with some other witness. R. Simeon, however, says that a father and son and all relatives are eligible to testify to the appearance of the New Moon. R. Jose said: it happened once with Tobiah the physician that he saw the New Moon in Jerusalem along with his son and his emancipated slave, and the priests accepted his evidence and that of his son and disqualified his slave, but when they appeared before the Beth Din they accepted his evidence and that of his slave and disqualified his son.                                ראש השנה 1.7
אב ובנו שראו את החודש, ילכו׃ לא שמצטרפין זה עם זה; אלא שאם ייפסל אחד מהם, יצטרף השני עם אחר׃ רבי שמעון אומר, אב ובנו וכל הקרובים, כשרים לעדות החודש׃ אמר רבי יוסי, מעשה בטובייה הרופא, שראה את החודש בירושלים-- הוא, ובנו, ועבדו משוחרר׃ קיבלו הכוהנים אותו ואת בנו, ופסלו את עבדו; וכשבאו לבית דין-- קיבלו אותו ואת עבדו, ופסלו את בנו

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