Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Parah 5:7: A trough in a rock [in which water gathers from nearby spring], we do not fill [water for sanctification] from it, and we do not sanctify [water with ashes] in it, and we do not sprinkle from it, and it does not require a 'tight-seal' [to protect its contents from impurity, rather a mere covering suffices], and it does not invalidate a mikvah [if water gathered in the rock trough and then flowed into a mikvah, that water is still considered undrawn, and thus valid for a mikvah, which must be filled with water which has never been drawn in order to be valid for ritual immersion and purification]. If a vessel was attached [to the ground] with plaster, we may fill [water for sanctification] with it, and we may sanctify [water] in it, and we may sprinkle from it, and it requires a 'tight-seal' [to protect its contents from impurity], and it invalidates a mikvah [if water flowed from it into a mikvah, it is considered to be drawn water and invalid]. If one punctured [the vessel attached to the ground] from below and stopped it with a cloth, the water inside is invalid [for sanctification for the ritual] since they are not encircling vessels [i.e. the water is not surrounded by vessel]. If [it was punctured] from the side and stopped with a cloth, the water inside is valid, since they are encircled by vessel [note: this only works if the puncture is sufficiently elevated from the bottom]. [If] they made for it [around its rim] a crown of plaster [for the vessel attached to the ground] and the water [level] reached to there, it [the water] is invalid [for the ritual, since the crown is not considered a vessel]. If [the connection] is sufficiently strong such that lifting it [the crown] would cause the vessel to come with it, it is valid [since it is part of the vessel].

הַשֹּׁקֶת שֶׁבַּסֶּלַע, אֵין מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ וְאֵין מְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ וְאֵין מַזִּין מִמֶּנָּה, וְאֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה צָמִיד פָּתִיל, וְאֵינָהּ פּוֹסֶלֶת אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. הָיְתָה כְלִי וְחִבְּרָהּ בְּסִיד, מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ וּמְקַדְּשִׁין בָּהּ וּמַזִּין מִמֶּנָּה, וּצְרִיכָה צָמִיד פָּתִיל, וּפוֹסֶלֶת אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה. נִקְּבָה מִלְּמַטָּן, וּפְקָקָהּ בִּסְמַרְטוּט, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבְּתוֹכָהּ פְּסוּלִין, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָן עֲגֻלִּים כֶּלִי. מִן הַצַּד וּפְקָקָהּ בִּסְמַרְטוּט, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבְּתוֹכָהּ כְּשֵׁרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵם עֲגֻלִּים כֶּלִי. עָשׂוּ לָהּ עֲטָרָה שֶׁל טִיט, וְהָלְכוּ הַמַּיִם לְשָׁם, פְּסוּלִין. אִם הָיָה בָרִיא כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּנָּטֵל עִמָּהּ, כְּשֵׁרִים:

Mishnah Parah 5:8: Two troughs in one stone [vessel], if one sanctified [water in] one of them, the water in the second is not sanctified. If they were punctured [connecting] one to the other, like the tube of a waterskin, or if the water overflows over them even [the thickness of] a garlic skin, if one sanctified [water in] one of them, the water in the second is sanctified.

שְׁתֵּי שְׁקָתוֹת שֶׁבְּאֶבֶן אַחַת, קִדֵּשׁ אַחַת מֵהֶם, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבַּשְּׁנִיָּה אֵינָן מְקֻדָּשִׁין. הָיוּ נְקוּבוֹת זוֹ לָזוֹ כִּשְׁפוֹפֶרֶת הַנּוֹד, אוֹ שֶׁהָיוּ הַמַּיִם צָפִין עַל גַּבֵּיהֶן אֲפִלּוּ כִקְלִפַּת הַשּׁוּם, וְקִדֵּשׁ אֶת אַחַת מֵהֶן, הַמַּיִם שֶׁבַּשְּׁנִיָּה מְקֻדָּשִׁין:

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