Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Parah 12:10: The cover of a kettle which is connected to a chain, Beit Shammai say: it is joined for impurity but not for sprinkling; Beit Hillel say: if he sprinkles onto the kettle he has sprinkled on the cover [i.e. the cover also becomes pure], but if he sprinkles on the cover, he has not sprinkled on the kettle. Anyone is valid to sprinkle, except for a tumtum [person (or animal) with recessed sexual organs whose gender is therefore impossible to determine, presently, by external examination. It is halachically uncertain whether such is male or female], an androginos [person (or animal) with both male and female sexual organs. It is halachically uncertain whether such is male, female or, perhaps, has a uniquely defined halachic gender], a woman, and a child that does not possess understanding. A woman may assist in the sprinkling, and she can hold the water while he dips and sprinkles. If she held his hand [during the process], even at the time of sprinkling [and not just the dipping], it is invalid.

כִּסּוּי מֵחַם שֶׁהוּא מְחֻבָּר לְשַׁלְשֶׁלֶת, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, חִבּוּר לַטֻּמְאָה וְאֵינוֹ חִבּוּר לַהַזָּיָה. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, הִזָּה עַל הַמֵּחַם, הֻזָּה הַכִּסּוּי. הִזָּה עַל הַכִּסּוּי, לֹא הֻזָּה הַמֵּחָם. הַכֹּל כְּשֵׁרִים לְהַזּוֹת, חוּץ מִטֻּמְטוּם וְאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס וְהָאִשָּׁה. וְתִינוֹק שֶׁאֵין בּוֹ דַעַת, הָאִשָּׁה מְסַעַדְתּוֹ וּמַזֶּה, וְאוֹחֶזֶת לוֹ בַמַּיִם וְהוּא טוֹבֵל וּמַזֶּה. אִם אָחֲזָה בְיָדוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ בִשְׁעַת הַזָּיָה, פָּסוּל:

Mishnah Parah 12:11: If one dipped the hyssop by day and sprinkled by day, it is valid. By day and sprinkled by night, [or] by night and sprinkled by day, it is invalid. But he himself can immerse at night and sprinkle by day, for we do not sprinkle until the sunrise. And anything done from dawn onward is valid.

טָבַל אֶת הָאֵזוֹב בַּיּוֹם וְהִזָּה בַיּוֹם, כָּשֵׁר. בַּיּוֹם וְהִזָּה בַלַּיְלָה, בַּלַּיְלָה וְהִזָּה בַיּוֹם, פָּסוּל. אֲבָל הוּא עַצְמוֹ טוֹבֵל בַּלַּיְלָה וּמַזֶּה בַיּוֹם, שֶׁאֵין מַזִּין עַד שֶׁתָּנֵץ הַחַמָּה. וְכֻלָּן שֶׁעָשׂוּ מִשֶּׁעָלָה עַמּוּד הַשַּׁחַר, כָּשֵׁר:

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