Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

If at the time when our forefathers came into the land they found [a tree already] planted it was exempt, if they planted [a tree], whilst they had not yet conquered [the land], it was subject. If one planted a tree] for [the use of] the many, it is subject. But R. Judah declares it exempt. If one has planted [a tree] in the public domain, or if a non-Israelite has planted, or if a robber has planted on a boat, or [it is a tree] that has grown of itself, it is subject to orlah. מ עורלה 1.2
עת שבאו אבותינו לארץ, ומצאו נטוע-- פטור; נטעו-- אף על פי שלא כבשו, חייב הנוטע לרבים, חייב; רבי יהודה פוטר  הנוטע ברשות הרבים, והנוכרי שנטע, והגזלן שנטע, והנוטע בספינה, והעולה מאליו-- חייב בעורלה
If a tree was uprooted and the hard soil together with it, or if a stream swept it away and the hard soil together with it, [then] if it could have lived it is exempt, but if [it could] not, it is subject. If the hard soil has been detached from its side, or if a ploughshare shook it, or if someone shook it, and one reset it with earth, [then] if it could have lived, it is exempt, but if not it is subject.  מ עורלה 1.3
אילן שנעקר והסלע עימו, שטפו נהר והסלע עימו-- אם יכול לחיות, פטור; ואם לאו, חייב נעקר הסלע מצידו, או זיעזעתו המחרשה, או שזיעזעו ועשאו בעפר-- אם יכול לחיות, פטור; ואם לאו, חייב

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