Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

The Sabbaths and festivals are given as an opening. The earlier ruling was that for these days the vow is cancelled, but for others it is binding; until R. Akiba came and taught: a vow which is partially annulled is entirely annulled.

  נדרים 9.6
פותחין בימים טובים ובשבתות׃ בראשונה, היו אומרין, אותן הימים מותרין, ושאר כל הימים אסורין-- עד שבא רבי עקיבה ולימד, שהנדר שהותר מכללו, הותר כולו

E.g., if one said, Konam that I do not benefit from any of you, if one was [subsequently] permitted [to benefit him], they are all permitted. [But if he said, `Konam] that I do not benefit from a, b, c, etc.`, if the first was permitted, all are permitted; but if the last-named was permitted, he alone is permitted, but the rest are forbidden. (if the middle person was permitted, those mentioned after him are [also] permitted, but those mentioned before him are forbidden.) [if one vows,] `korban be what I benefit from this [man], korban be what I benefit from that [man],` an opening [for abso-lution] is needed for each one individually.

נדרים 9.7
כיצד׃ אמר קונם שאיני נהנה לכולכם-- הותר אחד מהן, הותרו כולם׃ שאיני נהנה לזה ולזה ולזה-- הותר הראשון, הותרו כולם; הותר האחרון-- האחרון מותר, וכולם אסורין׃ שאיני נהנה לזה ולזה, קרבן ולזה קרבן-- צריכים פתח לכל אחד ואחד

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