Audio by Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Mikvaos 6:4: Regarding a sponge or a bucket which had inside them three log [a specific unit of liquid measurement] of [drawn] water, if they fell into a mikvah [which does not contain forty se'ah of valid water], they do not render it invalid, for they [the Sages] only said "three log that fell" [into a incomplete mikveh invalidate it; but in these cases, not all of the three log of water actually ever fell into the mikveh, since some remain inside the sponge or bucket].

הַסְּפוֹג וְהַדְּלִי שֶׁהָיוּ בָהֶן שְׁלשָׁה לֻגִּין מַיִם וְנָפְלוּ לַמִּקְוֶה, לֹא פְסָלוּהוּ, שֶׁלֹּא אָמְרוּ אֶלָּא שְׁלשָׁה לֻגִּין שֶׁנָּפְלוּ:

Mishnah Mikvaos 6:5: Regarding a crate or a chest [floating] in the sea, one may not immerse [objects] in them, unless they were pierced [with openings] the size of the tube of a flask [connecting their waters to the seawaters]. Rabbi Yehuda says: for a large vessel [the opening must be] four handbreadths, and for a small vessel [it must be] the majority of its size. If it was a sack or a basket [floating in the sea], one may immerse in them as they are, because the waters are mixed. If they were placed beneath a pipe [such that rainwater flowed through them and into a mikveh], they do not invalidate the mikveh; rather, one may immerse them and take them out normally [without worrying about the water in them rendering the mikveh impure as drawn water].

הַשִּׁדָּה וְהַתֵּבָה שֶׁבַּיָּם, אֵין מַטְבִּילִין בָּהֶם, אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן הָיוּ נְקוּבִין כִּשְׁפוֹפֶרֶת הַנּוֹד. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, בִּכְלִי גָדוֹל, אַרְבָּעָה טְפָחִים. וּבְקָטָן, רֻבּוֹ. אִם הָיָה שַׂק אוֹ קֻפָּה, מַטְבִּילִין בָּהֶם כְּמָה שֶׁהֵם, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַמַּיִם מְעֹרָבִין. הָיוּ נְתוּנִים תַּחַת הַצִּנּוֹר, אֵינָם פּוֹסְלִים אֶת הַמִּקְוֶה, אֶלָּא מַטְבִּילִין אוֹתָן וּמַעֲלִין אוֹתָן כְּדַרְכָּן:

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