Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Machshirin 4:10: [If] liquids fell upon wood and [then] rain fell on it: [If the amount of rain] exceeded [the other liquid, the latter] is pure. [If] he took it [the wood] out so that rain would fall on it, [the other liquid] is impure even if [the amount of rain] exceeded [the other]. If [the wood] absorbed impure liquids, [the rain water] is pure even though he took it out so that rain would fall on it. And he may only burn the wood with pure hands. Rabbi Shimon says: If it was wet and he burned it and [the amount] of liquid that emerges exceeds [the amount] of liquid that is absorbed, it is pure

עֵצִים שֶׁנָּפְלוּ עֲלֵיהֶם מַשְׁקִין וְיָרְדוּ עֲלֵיהֶם גְּשָׁמִים, אִם רַבּוּ, טְהוֹרִים. הוֹצִיאָם שֶׁיֵּרְדוּ עֲלֵיהֶם גְּשָׁמִים, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁרַבּוּ, טְמֵאִים. בָּלְעוּ מַשְׁקִים טְמֵאִים, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוֹצִיאָם שֶׁיֵּרְדוּ עֲלֵיהֶם גְּשָׁמִים, טְהוֹרִין. וְלֹא יַסִּיקֵם אֶלָּא בְיָדַיִם טְהוֹרוֹת בִּלְבָד. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אִם הָיוּ לַחִין וְהִסִּיקָן, וְרַבּוּ הַמַּשְׁקִין הַיּוֹצְאִין מֵהֶן עַל הַמַּשְׁקִין שֶׁבָּלְעוּ, טְהוֹרִים:

Mishnah Machshirin 5:1: [If] one immersed in a river and [then] there was another river in front of him and he passed through it, the second [river's water] purifies the first [river's water, that is neither water will subsequently make food susceptible to impurity]. If his drunk friend pushed him or his animal [into the river after they had immersed], the second [water] purifies the first. And if [he pushed him] in jest that achieves BeKhi Yutan [a state where liquid put upon food makes it susceptible to impurity].

מִי שֶׁטָּבַל בַּנָּהָר, וְהָיָה לְפָנָיו נָהָר אַחֵר וְעָבַר בּוֹ, טִהֲרוּ שְׁנִיִּים אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנִים. דָּחָהוּ חֲבֵרוֹ לְשָׁכְרוֹ, וְכֵן לִבְהֶמְתּוֹ, טִהֲרוּ שְׁנִיִּים אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנִים. וְאִם כִּמְשַׂחֵק עִמּוֹ, הֲרֵי זֶה בְכִי יֻתַּן:

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