Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Machshirin 3:2: [If] a jar full of fruit is put into liquid, or [a jar] full of liquid is put into fruit and it [the fruit] absorbs [moisture] whatever it absorbs achieves BeKhi Yutan. What liquids did they [the Sages] refer to? Water, and wine and vinegar. And all other liquids are pure [they do not make food susceptible to impurity]. Rabbi Nechemiah deemed legumes [in the above scenarios] pure because legumes do not absorb [moisture].

חָבִית שֶׁהִיא מְלֵאָה פֵרוֹת וּנְתוּנָה לְתוֹךְ הַמַּשְׁקִין, אוֹ מְלֵאָה מַשְׁקִין וּנְתוּנָה לְתוֹךְ הַפֵּרוֹת, וְשָׁאֲבוּ, כֹּל שֶׁשָּׁאֲבוּ, בְּכִי יֻתַּן. בְּאֵלּוּ מַשְׁקִים אָמְרוּ, בְּמַיִם וּבְיַיִן וּבְחֹמֶץ. וּשְׁאָר כָּל הַמַּשְׁקִין, טְהוֹרִין. רַבִּי נְחֶמְיָה מְטַהֵר בְּקִטְנִית, שֶׁאֵין הַקִּטְנִית שׁוֹאָבֶת:

Mishnah Machshirin 3:3: [If] one took hot bread out of the oven and placed it on the mouth of a jar of wine, Rabbi Meir deems it impure [that is, deems it able to contract impurity]. Rabbi Yehudah deems it pure. Rabbi Yose deems it pure [if the bread is made] from wheat, but impure [if the bread is made] from barley, because barley absorbs [moisture].

הָרוֹדֶה פַת חַמָּה וּנְתָנָהּ עַל פִּי חָבִית שֶׁל יַיִן, רַבִּי מֵאִיר מְטַמֵּא. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מְטַהֵר. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי מְטַהֵר בְּשֶׁל חִטִּים וּמְטַמֵּא בְשֶׁל שְׂעֹרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַשְּׂעֹרִים שׁוֹאֲבוֹת:

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