Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

Mishnah Machshirin 1:1: Any liquid which is desirable at the start achieves BeKhi Yutan [a state where liquid put upon food makes it susceptible to impurity] even if it is not desirable at the end; similarly [BeKhi Yutan is achieved if the liquid] is desirable at the end even if it is not desirable at the start. Impure liquids transfer impurity [whether their presence] is desirable or is not desirable.

כָּל מַשְׁקֶה שֶׁתְּחִלָּתוֹ לְרָצוֹן אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין סוֹפוֹ לְרָצוֹן, אוֹ שֶׁסּוֹפוֹ לְרָצוֹן אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין תְּחִלָּתוֹ לְרָצוֹן, הֲרֵי זֶה בְכִי יֻתַּן. מַשְׁקִין טְמֵאִים מְטַמְּאִין לְרָצוֹן וְשֶׁלֹּא לְרָצוֹן:

Mishnah Machshirin 1:2: [If] one shakes a tree in order to detach food from it, or to dislodge an impure object, that does not achieve BeKhi Yutan. [If one acts] to detach liquids, Beit Shammai say: What emerges from it and what [remains] in it [which subsequently falls] achieve BeKhi Yutan. Beit Hillel say: What emerges from it achieves BeKhi Yutan, but what [remains] in it does not achieve BeKhi Yutan, because he intends that all [the water] should emerge from it [the tree].

הַמַּרְעִיד אֶת הָאִילָן לְהַשִּׁיר מִמֶּנּוּ אֳכָלִין אוֹ אֶת הַטֻּמְאָה, אֵינָן בְּכִי יֻתַּן. לְהַשִּׁיר מִמֶּנּוּ מַשְׁקִין, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, הַיּוֹצְאִין וְאֶת שֶׁבּוֹ, בְּכִי יֻתַּן. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, הַיּוֹצְאִין, בְּכִי יֻתַּן, וְאֶת שֶׁבּוֹ, אֵינָן בְּכִי יֻתַּן, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מִתְכַּוֵּן שֶׁיֵּצְאוּ מִכֻּלּוֹ:

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