Audio by Shimi Berger

Mishnah Kerisos 1:2: One is liable for Karet for intentionally [performing] these [sins listed in the previous Mishnah], and is obligated to bring a Chattat [an offering brought to expiate sin, if he performs] them unintentionally. [If one is unsure whether he committed one of] these he brings an Asham Talui [a guilt-offering brought upon possible commission of a sin]. [The latter] is not so [if one] entered the Temple while impure or ate holy food when impure, since he is liable to bring an Oleh veYored [a sliding-scale Chattat offering where the economic status of the individual determines whether he brings an animal, a bird, or flour], these are the words of Rabbi Meir. And the Sages say: The blasphemer [is also exempt from the Chattat and the Asham Talui], as it says (Numbers 15:29): "You shall have one set of laws for those who act unintentionally", which excludes the blasphemer who does not perform an act [speech is not considered action].

על אלו חייבים על זדונם כרת. ועל שגגתם חטאת. ועל לא הודע שלהן אשם תלוי. חוץ מן המטמא מקדש וקדשיו. מפני שהוא בעולה ויורד. דברי רבי מאיר. וחכמים אומרים אף המגדף. שנאמר (במדבר טו, כט) תורה אחת יהיה לכם. לעושה בשגגה. יצא מגדף שאינו עושה מעשה:

Mishnah Kerisos 1:3: Some women bring a sacrifice which is eaten; and some women bring a sacrifice which is not eaten; and some do not bring [a sacrifice] at all. The following bring a sacrifice which is eaten: One who miscarries a fetus resembling a kind of animal, a wild beast, or fowl. These are the words of Rabbi Meir; whereas the Sages say: [No sacrifice is brought] unless the fetus has human form. [A woman] who miscarries a sandal-shaped fetus or a placenta, or a clearly-shaped fetus, or one which emerges in pieces; likewise a maidservant who has miscarried, bring sacrifices which are eaten.

יש מביאות קרבן ונאכל. ויש מביאות ואינו נאכל. ויש שאינן מביאות. אלו מביאות קרבן ונאכל. המפלת כמין בהמה חיה ועוף דברי רבי מאיר. וחכמים אומרים עד שיהא בו מצורת האדם. המפלת סנדל. או שליא. ושפיר מרוקם. והיוצא מחותך. וכן שפחה שהפילה. מביאה קרבן ונאכל:

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