Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

פרק ט - משנה ט
הלבדין אסורין Felt material [composed of wool and linen] are forbidden
 מפני שהן שועין because they are carded
  פיף של צמר  a border of wool
בשל פשתן אסור on [a garment] of linen are forbidden
מפני שהן חוזרין באריג because it reinforces the weave
  רבי יוסי אומר R' Yose says
 משיחות של ארגמן אסורות belts of purple wool are forbidden
 מפני שהוא מולל because he bastes (loosely sews) them
עד שלא קושר until they are tied
 לא יקשור סרט של צמר One may not tie a ribbon of wool
בשל פשתן

to one linen

לחגור בו את מותניו to fasten about one's waist
אף על פי שהרצועה באמצע even though a [leather] belt is in middle
פרק ט - משנה י
אותות הגרדין Monograms of weavers
ואותות הכובסין and monograms of launderers
אסורות משום כלאיים are forbidden because of כלאים
התוכף תכיפה אחת something stuck [together] with a single thrust [of a needle and thread]
אינה חיבור is not considered connected
ואין בה משום כלאיים and it has no prohibition of כלאים
והשומטה בשבת, פטור and one who undoes it on Shabbos is exempt
עשה שני ראשיה בצד אחד if it is made so that two ends [of the thread come out] on one side
חיבור that is a connection
ויש בה משום כלאיים and it is susceptible to כלאים
והשומטה בשבת, חייב and one who undoes it on Shabbos is culpable
רבי יהודה אומר R' Yehuda says
עד שישלש [not] until it is tripled
והשק והקופה and a sack and a wicker basket [having linen and wool strips on them]
מצרפין לכלאיים combine to form כלאים [if the two strips are attached to each other]


משנה ט

מפני שהן שועין - However this is only an אסור מדרבנן.

פיף של צמר - This border was of only one or two threads.

חוזרין באריג - The רע"ב gives two interpretations of this: one that it is forbidden because it reinforces the weave, the other because it appears to be part of the weave.

מפני שהוא מולל - While tying such a belt over a linen garment was not a problem, because they were basted in place prior to tying, they are forbidden.

אף על פי שהרצועה באמצע - The linen and wool would still be tied together, which is problematic.  However if a second leather strip was used to connect the other ends of the wool to the linen and close the loop, then there is not problem.


משנה י

אותות - These were sewn into garments by these tradesmen to identify their owners.

התוכף תכיפה אחת -  two items joined by running a needle through them one way - as opposed to a stitch, which goes in and out.

אינה חיבור - For the purposes of טומאה and טהרה, they are considered two separate items; if one is טמא the טומאה does not automatically extend to the other.

עשה שני ראשיה בצד אחד - That is to say, the thread is thrust through the two garments one way, and then thrust back in the opposite direction; the רע"ב says that these two ends must also be tied together.

עד שישלש - The thread makes three passes, in, out, then in again.


סליקא לה מסכת כלאים


Click here for the hebrew/english of פרק ט from


Please send corrections, comments and questions to