Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

פרק ז - משנה ה
אמר רבי יוסי R' Yose said
 מעשה באחד there was a case by one person
שזרע את כרמו בשביעית who planted his vineyard on
 ובא מעשה לפני רבי עקיבה ואמר and the case come before R' Akiva, and he said
 אין אדם מקדש את שאינו שלו a person cannot condemn that which does not belong to him
פרק ז - משנה ו

האנס שזרע את הכרם

A robber who planted [כלאים in] a vineyard

 ויצא מלפניו

and it went out before him [and back to its rightful owner]


he [the owner] must harvest

 ואפילו במועד

even on חול המועד;
  עד כמה הוא נותן לפועלים up to how much must he give his workers?
 עד שליש up to a third.
יותר מכן more than that
 קוצר כדרכו והולך he should harvest in the usual manner
ואפילו לאחר המועד even after חול המועד
  מאימתיי הוא נקרא אנס from when is he called a robber?
 משישקע From when it (the owner's name) sinks


משנה ה

שזרע את כרמו בשביעית - This planting was כלאים.

אין אדם מקדש את שאינו שלו -  During  שביעית it is הפקר and not his.


משנה ו

ואפילו במועד - When harvesting is normally prohibited. 

עד שליש - According to the רע"ב, some say this means he must pay up to 1/3 more than the usual wage to have the crops removed immediately.  If it will cost him more, he may wait until he can get workers at the usual time and wage (קוצר כדרכו והולך).  Another פשט the רע"ב brings is that the 1/3 refers to the value of the crop, in that he must pay up to 1/3 the value of the crop to have workers remove it immediately.

מאימתיי הוא נקרא אנס - According to the רע"ב, this means from when is the field called the robber's, and is thus able to be condemned by his actions.

משישקע - The רע"ב says that this means from the time that the original owner's name 'sinks' from the field, and it is no longer known as the owner's field, while the רמב"ם says it refers to when the owner goes into hiding out of fear of the robber.


Click here for the hebrew/english of פרק ז from


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