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מסכת כלים פרק ז משנה ב


A shelf (literally: a stand)

שיש בו

that has

בית קיבול קדרות

a receptacle for pots (this refers to a shelf-like attachment to the outside of a kirah, with a rim around its edges, that could hold multiple pots off the fire)

טהור משום כירה

is tahor as a kirah (some say this means that it is an independent vessel from the kirah, and will not become tamei merely because the kirah is; others say this means that some of the rules particular to a kirah do not apply to it, and since when connected to a kirah it is thereby connected to the ground, cannot become tamei).

וטמא משום כלי קיבול

and is tamei as a receptacle (as would any other earthenware container);

הצדדין שלו

its sides,

הנוגע בהם

that which touches them

אינו טמא משום כירה

is not tamei as a kirah (i.e. it is not considered a yad to a kirah that can impart a lower level of tumah to food on contact);

הרחב שלו

Its wide part (this is the part of the shelf that is connected to and shares the stove's wall, the shelf is widest at this point)

רבי מאיר מטהר

Rabbi Meir rules is tahor (he refers only to the exterior portion of the wall, which he deems a part of the shelf and therefore tahor)

ורבי יהודה מטמא

and Rabbi Yehuda rules is tamei;


and similarly

הכופה את הסל

one who turns over a basket (which was woven, and deemed a wooden utensil),

ועושה על גביו כירה

and installs a kirah on it.  (The kirah was attached to the basket, and the basket was wider than the kirah and served as a place to put pots, akin to the shelf discussed above.)


פרק ז משנה ג

כירה שנחלקה

A kirah that was split

לארכה טהורה

along its length (i.e. from top to bottom such that the crack runs through and ruins both of the opening on its top where one would pots) is tahor

ולרחבה טמאה

and along its width (such that the crack goes between, and does not ruin either of the openings on its top) is tamei.

כפח שנחלק

A kupach (this has only one opening on its top) that spilt

בין לאורכו בין לרוחבו

whether along its length, whether along its width,


is tahor (as either way the single hole on its top would be ruined).

חצר הכירה

The courtyard of a kirah (this was an earthenware vessel shaped like a shallow baking pan in the middle of which the kirah would be attached; pots would be placed in it to be heated by the kirah)

בזמן שהיא גבוהה

when it [its rim] has a height of

שלש אצבעות

three fingerbreadths

מטמא במגע ובאויר

it contracts tumah by contact and airspace (as it is deemed a part of the kirah)

פחותה מכאן

less than that

מטמא במגע

contracts tumah by contact (with the kirah)

ואינה מטמא באויר

and does not contract tumah by [something entering its own] airspace.

כיצד משערין אותה

How is it (the airspace) demarcated?

רבי ישמעאל אומר

Rabbi Yishmael says

נותן את השפוד

place a spit (or anything else that creates a straight line)

מלמעלן למטן

from top to bottom (i.e. from the top of the stove to the top of the rim of the courtyard)

וכנגדו מטמא באויר

and opposite (i.e. in the conical area beneath where the spit would be) it contracts tumah through airspace.

רבי אליעזר בן יעקב אומר

Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaakov says

נטמאת הכירה

if the kirah becomes tamei

נטמאת החצר

the courtyard becomes tamei,

נטמאת החצר

if the courtyard becomes tamei

לא נטמאת הכירה

the kirah does not become tamei.


דכון - See the רמב"ם for a comepltely different interpretation of what this was.

חצר הכירה - Again, the רמב"ם has a different interpretation of this mishnah than is given above.