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מסכת כלים

פרק כב משנה ח


A bin

שנטל העליון

that had its top removed

טמאה מפני התחתון

is tamei because of the bottom (which can still be used as a receptacle);

נטל התחתון

if the bottom was removed

טמאה מפני העליון

it is tamei because of the top (the lid had its own receptacle);

ניטל העליון והתחתון

if the top and the bottom were removed,

רבי יהודה מטמא

Rabbi Yehuda rule it is tamei

מפני הדפין

because of the sides (which also had a bulge to them, and so the bin could be turned on its side and used to store things that way,

וחכמים מטהרין

and the Sages rule it is tahor (as the bin was not meant to be used in this manner).

ישיבת הסתת

A stonemason's seat (which was a planed end of a wooden beam, the other end of which held the stone being worked upon)

טמאה מדרס

is susceptible to the tumah of midras.


פרק כב משנה ט


A block of wood


that was dyed red


or was dyed saffron

ועשאו פנים

and planed,

רבי עקיבה מטמא

Rabbi Akiva rules it is tamei

וחכמים מטהרין

and the Sages rule it is tahor

עד שיחוק בו

until one carves it (as it already has a designation as a different type of utensil, it requires a more significant alteration).


A wicker basket


and a reed basket

שמלאן תבן

that were filled with straw

או מוכין

or flocking (soft material for stuffing cushions, quilts, and other soft furnishings, made of wool refuse or torn-up cloth),

התקינן לישיבה

if one prepared them for sitting [on them]


they are tahor (from midras, as the stuffing will fall out of the baskets),

סירגן בגמי

if one wove [the baskets shut] with reed-grass

או במשיחה

or with cord


they are tamei.


לרפואת מרים חיה בת ברכה בתוך שאר חולי ישראל