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פרק ג משנה ו
המביא גט ממדינת הים 

One who brings a get from overseas


and falls ill,

עושה בית דין ומשלחו

beis din makes [a replacement messenger] and sends him.

ואומר לפניהם

And he [the original messenger] says before them [the beis din]:

בפני נכתב ובפני נחתם

"It was written before me and it was signed before me",

ואין השליח האחרון צריך שיאמר

and there is no need for the last messenger (additional messengers can be appointed by beis din if the need arises)

שיאמר to say
  בפני נכתב ובפני נחתם

"It was written before me and it was signed before me",

אלא אומר

only, what he says is:

שליח בית דין אני

"I am the messenger of beis din."



פרק ג משנה ז
המלוה מעות את הכהן   One who loans money to a cohen
ואת הלוי ואת העני or to a levi or to a pauper
להיות מפריש עליהן מחלקן

[on the condition] that he would separate [from the lender's crops] their portions [of the lender's terumos and/or maaseros as payment] for them

מפריש עליהן he may separate [their portion] for them
בחזקת שהן קימין on the presumption that they remain [eligible for the terumos and/or maaseros]
ואינו חושש and there is no concern that
שמא מת הכהן או הלוי perhaps the cohen or levi has died
או העשיר העני or that the pauper has become rich.
מתו If they die
צריך לטול רשות מן היורשין he must get permission from their heirs [to continue taking their portions]
 אם הלון בפני בית דין but if he made the loan before a beis din
אינו צריך לטול רשות מן היורשון he need to get permission from the heirs.


משנה ז

להיות מפריש עליהן מחלקן - Obviously, a זר may not eat תרומה, but he may sell it  to another כהן.  There are three opinions in the גמרא as to how the lender is able to acquire the תרומות or מעשרות.  According to רב, the borrower is a friend of the lender, and so, as all other eligible recipients of the תרומות or מעשרות will have abandoned hope of collecting it, and the lender may now be זוכה in the תרומות or מעשרות in the place of the borrower.  שמואל says that he acquires the תרומות or מעשרות through an intermediary who is קונה them on behalf of the borrower, and then turns them over to the lender.  עולא says that there is actually a תקנה allowing a lender to acquire תרומות or מעשרות on behalf of a borrower in order to encourage lending to כהנים, לוים and paupers.

צריך לטול רשות מן היורשין - The heirs may opt to repay the loan from a different source.  According to רע"ב, we are dealing with a case of heirs who are obligated to repay the loan because there is a written loan document and they had inherited real property.    According to רש"י, our mishna is not dealing with such a case, and the heirs may even decide to leave the debt unpaid.




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