Audio by Shimi Berger

פרק א משנה ה
רבי אליעזר בן יעקב אומר

Rebbi Eliezer ben Yaakov says:

אשה בת גרים A woman who is the daughter of converts
 לא תנשא לכהונה should not marry into the kehuna
עד שתהא אמה מישראל until her mother is of Jewish decent
אחד גרים Both converts
ואחד עבדים משוחררים and freed slaves
 אפילו עד עשרה דורות even up to ten generations
עד שתהא אימן מישראל  until their mothers are of Jewish decent [may not marry into the Kehuna]
האפוטרופוס והשליח The guardian of an orphaned minor and an agent
והעבד והאשה and a slave and a woman
וטומטום ואנדרוגינוס and a person of indeterminate gender and a hermaphrodite
מביאין ולא קורין bring [bikurim] and do not recite [the relevant pesukim]
שאינן יכולין לומר as they cannot say
אשר נתת לי ה׳ "that Hashem gave to me"
(דברים כו,י)  

פרק א משנה ו

הקונה שני אילנות One two buys two trees
בתוך של חברו in his colleague's [property]
מביא ואינו קורא brings [bikurim] but does not recite [the relevant pesukim]
רבי מאיר אומר Rebbi Meir says that
 מביא וקורא he brings and recites
יבש המעין If the well [that sustains a plot of land] dries
 נקצץ האילן or the tree is cut down
מביא ואינו קורא one brings [bikurim] but does not recite [the relevant pesukim]
רבי יהודה אומר Rebbi Yehuda says
מביא וקורא he brings and recitesץ
מעצרת ועד החג From Shavuos until Succos
מביא וקורא one brings and recites
מן החג ועד חנוכה from Succos until Channuka
מביא ואינו קורא

one brings but does not recite

 רבי יהודה בן בתירה אומר Rebbi Yehuda ben Beseirah says
 מביא וקורא he brings and recites.


משנה ה

לא תנשא לכהונה - The basis for this is a passage in (יחזקל (מד:כב that says מזרע בית ישראל יקחו להם נשים.  This rule is only לחתחילה, and if such a marriage does occur a divorce is not required; furthermore, the children are considered perfectly fit for the kehuna.   עד שתהא אמה מישראל - This is the minimum requirement; as patrilineal descent is prime in these matters what is meant is that even if only the mother is Jewish that is sufficient.  אפילו עד עשרה דורות - As in the case of a ממזר, this actually means that there actually is no limit to the number of generations this prohibition applies to. האפוטרופוס והשליח - Both of these types of person, when bringing bikurim on behalf of their principals, do not own the land that the fruit came from and so cannot accurately perform the recital, as explaned at the end of the mishna.   והעבד והאשה -  Even if they own the land, a slave and a woman cannot recite the pesukim as they did not directly receive a share of the land in חלוקת ארץ ישראל and so cannot say אשר נתת לי ה׳. (even the בנות צלפחד, who were given title to land at the time of the חלוקה, only inherited that share from their father).  However in some circumstances a husband can bring bikurim from his wife's field and recite the pesukim, as it says (אשר נתן לך ה' אלוהיך ולביתך (דברים כו:יא and he is a member of the household who can accurately recite the pesukim.   וטומטום ואנדרוגינוס - A טומטום would actually be described in modern parlance as androgynous, having no visible genitals, while an אנדרוגינוס, has both male and female genitalia.  For the purposes of this mishna, both are treated as a woman who cannot recite the pesukim.

משנה ו

הקונה שני אילנות - Under most circumstances, such a purchase is treated as one of the trees only and not the land that they are in; however out of a ספק the חכמים say that one brings bikurim (ownership of the land being a necessary element, as seen earlier).  לכולי עלמא, when one buys a single tree required he does not acquire the land, but when three trees are purchased they do come with the land.  יבש המעין נקצץ האילן מביא ואינו קורא -  The רמב"ם says that this is because under such circumstances one cannot say (האדמה אשר נתתה לי (דברים כו:י as it is as if he no longer has this land.    מעצרת ועד החג  - Part of the recital includes the phrase ושמחת בכל הטוב; this period of time is deemed to be such a time of joy, while the period following Succos is not; Rebbi Yehuda does not דרשן this phrase to mean that it must be a זמן שמחה



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