Audio by Shimi Berger

Mishnah Bekhorot 6:12: For the following they do not slaughter [as a sacrifice on the mizbeach] - neither in the Temple nor outside the Temple: If it had non-persistent white spots in its eye, or non-persistent tearing or if its inner gums are missing a piece but not uprooted, or if it had eczema, a wart or boils or if it was old or sick or smelled bad, or if a sin [of bestiality] was committed with it or if it killed a man [as determined] by the word of one witness or by the owners admission, a tumtum [an animal with recessed sexual organs whose sex is therefore impossible to determine, presently, by external examination. It is halachically uncertain whether such an animal is male or female] or an androginos [an animal with both male and female sexual organs. It is halachically uncertain whether such an animal is male, female or, perhaps, has a uniquely defined halachic sex], neither in the Temple or outside it. Rabbi Yishmael says, there is no blemish greater than this [i.e. being an androginos;] but the Sages say it is not a first born and can be sheared and worked.

אלו שאין שוחטין עליהן לא במקדש ולא במדינה. חורוד והמים שאינם קבועין. וחטיו הפנימיות שנפגמו. אבל לא שנעקרו. ובעל גרב. ובעל יבלת. ובעל חזזית. וזקן וחולה ומזוהם. ושנעבדה בה עבירה. ושהמית את האדם (על פי עד אחד או על פי הבעלים). וטומטום ואנדרוגינוס לא במקדש ולא במדינה. רבי ישמעאל אומר אין מום גדול מזה. וחכמים אומרים אינו בכור. אלא נגזז ונעבד:

Mishnah Bekhorot 7:1: These blemishes whether permanent or temporary invalidate a person [i.e., a priest, from serving in the Temple]. [The following] are added to these regarding a person: one whose head is shaped like a pyramid, or a radish or a hammer, or one whose head protrudes in front or if it does not protrude in the back. A hunchback, Rabbi Yehuda validates, and the Sages invalidate.

מומין אלו בין קבועין בין עוברין פוסלין באדם. יותר עליהן באדם. הכילון. והלפתן. המקבן. ושראשו שקוע. ושקיפס. ובעלי החטוטרת. רבי יהודה מכשיר. וחכמים פוסלין:

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