Audio by Dr. Michael Sokolow

Four [different] laws [are applicable] to sales. [If] one has sold wheat as good, and it turns out to be bad, the buyer may withdraw [from the sale]. [If sold as] bad, and it turns out to be good, the seller may withdraw. [If as] bad, and it was found to be bad; [or as] good, and it was found to be good, neither may withdraw. [If one has sold wheat as] dark -coloured, and it turns out to be white, [or as] white, and it turns out to be dark; [ or if one has sold] wood [as] olive, and it turns out to be Sycamore, [or as] Sycamore, and it turns out to be olive; [or if a liquid has been sold as] wine, and it turns out to be vinegar, [or as] vinegar, and it turns out to be wine, both may withdraw.  בתרא 5.6
ארבע מידות במוכרין׃ מכר לו חיטים יפות, ונמצאו רעות-- הלוקח יכול לחזור בו; רעות, ונמצאו יפות-- המוכר יכול לחזור בו׃ רעות ונמצאו רעות, יפות ונמצאו יפות-- אין אחד מהם יכול לחזור בו׃ שחממית ונמצאת לבנה, לבנה ונמצאת שחממית, עצים של זיתים ונמצאו של שקמה, של שקמה ונמצאו של זית, יין ונמצא חומץ, חומץ ונמצא יין-- שניהם יכולים לחזור בהם
If one has sold fruit to another [and the buyer] has pulled [them] though they have not [yet] been measured, ownership is acquired. [If however] they have been measured but [the buyer] has not pulled [them], ownership is not acquired. If [the buyer] is prudent, he hires the place where they are kept. If one buys flax from another, he does not acquire ownership until he moves it from place to place. And if it was attached to the ground and he plucked [of it] any quantity, he acquires ownership.  בתרא 5.7
המוכר פירות לחברו-- משך ולא מדד, קנה; מדד ולא משך, לא קנה׃ אם היה פיקח, שוכר את מקומן׃ הלוקח פשתן מחברו-- הרי זה לא קנה, עד שיטלטלנו ממקום למקום׃ ואם היה מחובר לקרקע-- תלש כל שהוא, קנה

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